Welcome! Log In


Robust File and Folder Copy.
By default Robocopy will only copy a file if the source and destination have different time stamps or different file sizes.

ROBOCOPY source_folder destination_folder [file(s)_to_copy] [options]

file(s)_to_copy : A list of files or a wildcard.
(defaults to copying *.*)

Source options
/S : Copy Subfolders
/E : Copy Subfolders, including Empty Subfolders.
/COPY:copyflags : What to COPY (default is /COPY:DAT).
(copyflags : D=Data, A=Attributes, T=Timestamps).
(S=Security=NTFS ACLs, O=Owner info, U=aUditing info).
/SEC : Copy files with SECurity (equivalent to /COPY:DATS).
/DCOPY:T : Copy Directory Timestamps. ##
/COPYALL : Copy ALL file info (equivalent to /COPY:DATSOU).
/NOCOPY : Copy NO file info (useful with /PURGE).

/A : Copy only files with the Archive attribute set.
/M : like /A, but remove Archive attribute from source files.
/LEV:n : Only copy the top n LEVels of the source tree.

/MAXAGE:n : MAXimum file AGE - exclude files older than n days/date.
/MINAGE:n : MINimum file AGE - exclude files newer than n days/date.
(If n < 1900 then n = no of days, else n = YYYYMMDD date).

/FFT : Assume FAT File Times (2-second date/time granularity).
/256 : Turn off very long path (> 256 characters) support.

Copy options
/L : List only - don't copy, timestamp or delete any files.
/MOV : MOVe files (delete from source after copying).
/MOVE : Move files and dirs (delete from source after copying).

/Z : Copy files in restartable mode (survive network glitch).
/B : Copy files in Backup mode.
/ZB : Use restartable mode; if access denied use Backup mode.
/IPG:n : Inter-Packet Gap (ms), to free bandwidth on slow lines.

/R:n : Number of Retries on failed copies - default is 1 million.
/W:n : Wait time between retries - default is 30 seconds.
/REG : Save /R:n and /W:n in the Registry as default settings.
/TBD : Wait for sharenames To Be Defined (retry error 67).

Destination options

/A+:[RASHCNET] : Set file Attribute(s) on destination files + add.
/A-:[RASHCNET] : UnSet file Attribute(s) on destination files - remove.
/FAT : Create destination files using 8.3 FAT file names only.

/CREATE : CREATE directory tree structure + zero-length files only.
/DST : Compensate for one-hour DST time differences ##
/PURGE : Delete dest files/folders that no longer exist in source.
/MIR : MIRror a directory tree - equivalent to /PURGE plus all subfolders (/E)

Logging options
/L : List only - don't copy, timestamp or delete any files.
/NP : No Progress - don't display % copied.
/LOG:file : Output status to LOG file (overwrite existing log).
/LOG+:file : Output status to LOG file (append to existing log).
UNILOG and UNILOG+ will output to a unicode logfile ##
/TS : Include Source file Time Stamps in the output.
/FP : Include Full Pathname of files in the output.
/NS : No Size - don't log file sizes.
/NC : No Class - don't log file classes.
/NFL : No File List - don't log file names.
/NDL : No Directory List - don't log directory names.
/TEE : Output to console window, as well as the log file.
/NJH : No Job Header.
/NJS : No Job Summary.

Repeated Copy Options
/MON:n : MONitor source; run again when more than n changes seen.
/MOT:m : MOnitor source; run again in m minutes Time, if changed.

/RH:hhmm-hhmm : Run Hours - times when new copies may be started.
/PF : Check run hours on a Per File (not per pass) basis.

Job Options
/JOB:jobname : Take parameters from the named JOB file.
/SAVE:jobname : SAVE parameters to the named job file
/QUIT : QUIT after processing command line (to view parameters).
/NOSD : NO Source Directory is specified.
/NODD : NO Destination Directory is specified.
/IF : Include the following Files.

Advanced options you'll probably never use
/EFSRAW : Copy any encrypted files using EFS RAW mode.##
/SECFIX : FIX file SECurity on all files, even skipped files.
/TIMFIX : FIX file TIMes on all files, even skipped files.

/XO : eXclude Older - if destination file exists and is the same date
or newer than the source - don't bother to overwrite it.
/XC | /XN : eXclude Changed | Newer files
/XX | /XL : eXclude eXtra | Lonely files and dirs.
An "extra" file is present in destination but not source,
excluding extras will delete from destination.
A "lonely" file is present in source but not destination
excluding lonely will prevent any new files being added to the destination.

/XF file [file]... : eXclude Files matching given names/paths/wildcards.
/XD dirs [dirs]... : eXclude Directories matching given names/paths.
XF and XD can be used in combination e.g.
ROBOCOPY c:\source d:\dest /XF *.doc *.xls /XD c:\unwanted /S

/IA:[RASHCNETO] : Include files with any of the given Attributes
/XA:[RASHCNETO] : eXclude files with any of the given Attributes
/IS : Include Same, overwrite files even if they are already the same.
/IT : Include Tweaked files.
/XJ : eXclude Junction points. (normally included by default).

/MAX:n : MAXimum file size - exclude files bigger than n bytes.
/MIN:n : MINimum file size - exclude files smaller than n bytes.
/MAXLAD:n : MAXimum Last Access Date - exclude files unused since n.
/MINLAD:n : MINimum Last Access Date - exclude files used since n.
(If n < 1900 then n = n days, else n = YYYYMMDD date).

/BYTES : Print sizes as bytes.
/X : Report all eXtra files, not just those selected & copied.
/V : Produce Verbose output log, showing skipped files.
/ETA : Show Estimated Time of Arrival of copied files.

Voici qques exemples ^^

Mirroir du dossier tmp vers un dossier comportant la date du jour:

robocopy "D:\Fichiers TEMP\tmp" E:\%DATE:/=-% /MIR /R:0 /W:0

Logs les infos dans log.log:

robocopy.exe "\\myserver\utilisateurs" "X:\" /MIR /R:0 /W:0 /V /LOG+:C:\Log.log

Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/09/2010 02:30PM by iznogoud.
Robocopy error: ERROR 5 (0x00000005) Changing File Attributes


==> robocopy [source folder] [target folder] /MIR /COPY:[remove space]DT /FFT

Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 02/15/2010 01:31PM by iznogoud.
commande forfiles pour nettoyer des sauvegardes SQL .. ici on conserve seulement 15j de sauvegarde :

c:\FORFILES.exe -p"D:\SAUVEGARDESQL" -s -m*.bak -s -d-15 -c"CMD /C del @FILE"
c:\FORFILES.exe -p"D:\SAUVEGARDESQL" -s -m*.txt -s -d-15 -c"CMD /C del @FILE"
c:\FORFILES.exe -p"D:\SAUVEGARDESQL" -s -m*.trn -s -d-15 -c"CMD /C del @FILE"
Copy only specific files

ROBOCOPY C:\Source D:\Destination *.zip *.txt /E

/E = copy subdirectories, including empty ones
/S = copy subdirectories, excluding empty ones
Sorry, only registered users may post in this forum.

Click here to login